Subject Verb Agreement for Which

Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental grammatical concept that every writer should understand. It refers to the grammatical rule that the verb in a sentence must agree with the subject in number. For example, in the sentence, „He plays the guitar,” the subject is „he,” which is singular, and the verb is „plays,” which is also singular, so they agree. One particular area where subject-verb agreement can be tricky is when using the word „which.” In this article, we`ll be discussing subject-verb agreement for „which.”

The word „which” is a relative pronoun used to introduce a dependent clause that provides additional information about the noun or pronoun preceding it. When using „which” in a sentence, it is essential to ensure that the subject and verb agree both in number and tense.

Let`s break this down further.

First, consider the subject of the sentence. If the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular. For example, „The dog, which barks at strangers, scares the postman.” Here, the subject is „dog,” which is singular, and the verb is „scares,” which is also singular, so they agree. On the other hand, if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural as well. For example, „The dogs, which bark at strangers, scare the postman.” Here, the subject is „dogs,” which is plural, and the verb is „scare,” which is also plural, so they agree.

Second, consider the tense of the verb. If the subject is in the present tense, the verb should also be in the present tense. For example, „The book, which tells a fascinating story, captivates its readers.” Here, the subject is „book,” which is in the present tense, and the verb is „captivates,” which is also in the present tense, so they agree. However, if the subject is in the past tense, the verb should also be in the past tense. For example, „The book, which told a fascinating story, captivated its readers.” Here, the subject is „book,” which is in the past tense, and the verb is „captivated,” which is also in the past tense, so they agree.

It`s also essential to note that when using „which,” it should always be preceded by a comma. The comma separates the dependent clause from the Independent clause and helps to avoid confusion.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is crucial in every aspect of writing, including when using „which” in sentences. Ensure that the verb agrees both in number and tense with the subject, and always use a comma before introducing the dependent clause with „which.” By doing this, you can write clear and concise sentences that convey the intended meaning.